lists of tense replacers ←

chunk 55: pronoun tables

→ the sup affixes

about "this" and "that"
etad- "this"
tad- "that".
Pronoun tables.
yuSmad- asmad- tables.
yuSmad- asmad- with first.
yuSmad- asmad- with second.
yuSmad- asmad- with third.
yuSmad- asmad- with fourth.
yuSmad- asmad- with fifth.
yuSmad- asmad- with sixth.
yuSmad- asmad- with seventh.




(/tyad-) (/tyad-)

about "this" and "that"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 1092

These nounbases mean "this" --

idam- "this"

etad- "this"

These nounbases mean "that" --

tad- "that"

adas- "that"

tyad- "that" -- rarely used outside of the veda

109 letters. -- 920pronouns.bse 11 -- popularity 5

34 The [@pronoun]s are /sarva- etc.

812 /tyadAdi to !a (before /vibhakti).

816 Nonfinal !t !d (of the /tyadAdi) to !s before /su.




(/etad-) (/eta)

etad- "this"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 1093

etad- means "this", same as idam-. Grammatically, it works exactly like tad-, but with an e added in front --

tad- n + su svamorna tad "this"

tad vezma "that house"

etad vezma "this house"

That added e appears to cause kric in front of sas sA --

tad- m + susas m "that"

eSas m "this"

sA f "that"

eSA f "this"

siMhy eSA "this lioness"

etattado works on eSas --

siMha:: eSaH "this lion"

eSa siMhaH "this lion"

When meaning "this", etad- is used less often than idam-. But you'll hear a lot of etad- in the sense of "look!, here it is!, here you have!, voilà!" --

siMha:: eSaH "look, here's the lion!"

Back to about "this" and "that" .

437 letters. -- 920pronouns.bse 69 -- popularity 7

34 The [@pronoun]s are /sarva- etc.

812 /tyadAdi to !a (before /vibhakti).

1095 Pronoun tables.




(/tad-) (/tad-)

tad- "that".mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 1094

Properly speaking, tad- only means "that", ie it is used to refer to what is not nearby.

Yet, you should often translate tad- as "the", "he", "she", "it", "they", if that makes better English.

Notice that Sanskrit does not have words that exactly translate "he she it they". To mean third persons, you preferentially use no pronoun at all --

carati "he / she walks"

or pronouns meaning "this" or "that", as in --

sa carati "that one walks, he walks"

sA carati "that one walks, she walks"

eSa carati "this one walks, he walks"

eSA carati "this one walks, she walks"

Back to about "this" and "that" .

433 letters. -- 920pronouns.bse 107 -- popularity 19




(pronountables) (pron)

Pronoun tables.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1095

idam- "this, these" idam masculine idam feminine idam neuter

etad- "this, these" -- etad masculine etad neuter etad feminine

tad- "that, those" tad masculine tad neuter tad feminine

adas- "that, those" adas masculine adas feminine adas neuter

kim- "which one(s)?" -- kim masculine kim neuter kim feminine

yad- "the one(s) that" -- yad masculine yad neuter yad feminine

yuSmad- "you" yuSmad all genders

asmad- "I, we, us" asmad all genders

1718 letters. -- 920pronouns.bse 187 -- popularity 3

980 If /adas- has no !s, !d plus vowel to !mu or !mU.

981 Before @plural, replace the !de of /adas- (with !mI).

1434 odds and ends




(yuSmadasmadtables) (yuSmadaa)

yuSmad- asmad- tables.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1096

These tables show the nounbases yuSmad- "you" and asmad- "I, we" combined with the twenty-one sup affixes. The greens link to the rules that make each form.

Table of yuSmad- "you".

tvam yuvAm yUyam yuSmad- asmad- with first

tvAm yuvAm yuSmAn yuSmad- asmad- with second

tvayA yuvAbhyAm yuSmAbhis yuSmad- asmad- with third

tubhyam yuvAbhyAm yuSmabhyam yuSmad- asmad- with fourth

tvattas tvat yuvAbhyAm yuSmattas yuSmat yuSmad- asmad- with fifth

tava yuvayos yuSmAkam yuSmad- asmad- with sixth

tvayi yuvayos yuSmAsu yuSmad- asmad- with seventh

hanger forms --

amauTchaS

tvA vAm vas

GebhyAmbhyas and GasosAm

te vAm vas

vAm'' from yuSmadasmadoSSa

vas'' from bahuvacanevas;nasau

te'' from temayAvekavacanasya

tvA'' from tvAmau

table for yuSmad at inria declension

Table of asmad- "I, we, me, us".

aham AvAm vayam yuSmad- asmad- with first

mAm AvAm asmAn yuSmad- asmad- with second

mayA AvAbhyAm asmAbhis yuSmad- asmad- with third

mahyam AvAbhyAm asmabhyam yuSmad- asmad- with fourth

mattas mat AvAbhyAm asmattas asmat yuSmad- asmad- with fifth

mama Avayos asmAkam yuSmad- asmad- with sixth

mayi Avayos asmAsu yuSmad- asmad- with seventh

hanger forms --

amauTchaS

mA nau nas

GebhyAmbhyas and GasosAm

me nau nas

nau'' from yuSmadasmadoSSa

nas'' from bahuvacanevas;nasau

me'' from temayAvekavacanasya

mA'' from tvAmau

table for asmad at inria declension

1027 letters. -- 920pronouns.bse 231 -- popularity 20




(yuSmadasmadwithfirst) (yuSmadafir)

yuSmad- asmad- with first.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1097

These are the rules that make tvam aham yuvAm AvAm yUyam vayam

tvAhausau

yuSmadasmadbhyAGGasoz

Geprathama

yUya;vayaujasi

Back to yuSmad- asmad- tables .

127 letters. -- 920pronouns.bse 293 -- popularity 1




(yuSmadasmadwithsecond) (yuSmadae)

yuSmad- asmad- with second.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1098

These are the rules that make mAm tvAm yuvAm AvAm asmAn yuSmAn --

dvitIyAyAJca

Geprathama

zasona zas to n after yuSmad- asmad-.

Back to yuSmad- asmad- tables .

124 letters. -- 920pronouns.bse 300 -- popularity 1




(yuSmadasmadwiththird) (yuSmadat)

yuSmad- asmad- with third.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1099

These are the rules that make tvayA mayA yuvAbhyAm AvAbhyam asmAbhis --

yo 'ci

yuSmad;asmador an-Adeze

Back to yuSmad- asmad- tables .

106 letters. -- 920pronouns.bse 310 -- popularity 1




(yuSmadasmadwithfourth) (yuSmadao)

yuSmad- asmad- with fourth.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1100

These rules make tubhyam mahyam yuSmabhyam asmabhyam

Geprathama

tubhyamahyWGayi

bhyasobhyam

yuvAbhyam AvAbhyam come from yuSmad;asmador an-Adeze.

Back to yuSmad- asmad- tables .

150 letters. -- 920pronouns.bse 321 -- popularity 2




(yuSmadasmadwithfifth) (yuSmadafif)

yuSmad- asmad- with fifth.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1101

These rules make tvat mat yuSmat asmat --

Gasi to at after yuSmad- asmad-.

Fifth bhyas to at after yuSmad- asmad-.

yuvAbhyam AvAbhyam come from yuSmad;asmador an-Adeze.

Back to yuSmad- asmad- tables .

154 letters. -- 920pronouns.bse 332 -- popularity 3




(yuSmadasmadwithsixth) (yuSmadas)

yuSmad- asmad- with sixth.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1102

These are the rules that make tava mama yuvayos Avayos yuSmAkam asmAkam

tava;mamau Gasi

yuSmad;asmadbhyAM Gaso'z

sAma::Akam

Back to yuSmad- asmad- tables .

126 letters. -- 920pronouns.bse 344 -- popularity 4




(yuSmadasmadwithseventh) (yuSmadav)

yuSmad- asmad- with seventh.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1103

These are the rules that build tvayi mayi yuvayos Avayos yuSmAsu and asmAsu --

zeSe lopaH

yuvAvau dvivacane

yuSmad;asmador an-Adeze

Back to yuSmad- asmad- tables .

131 letters. -- 920pronouns.bse 350 -- popularity 1
















lists of tense replacers ←

chunk 55: pronoun tables

→ the sup affixes