the tiG groups ←

chunk 61: special roots

→ special nounbases

Special roots.
ad "eat"
aJcati "is at"
As "sit".
as asti "be there, be".
as' asyati "throw"
ghas "eat"
pracch "ask"
hve "call, summon, challenge"
kLp "befit"
krI "buy"
labh "get"
mA' "measure"
nI "lead", pac "cook"
ji "win"
vas' "live at"
vye "cover, cover up"
yaj "sacrifice"
stu' "praise"
grah "take, grab, accept"
sthA "stop, stay, stand"
sic' "sprinkle"
svap 'sleep'
vah vahati "carries, conveys"
vap "sow, scatter"
yu "join, mix"
yuj "join"
zAs "instruct"
Rcch Rcchati "go"
UrNu "cover, hide"
dA "give", dhA "put"
arti "go"
brU "say"
hu "pour"
Roots for "say".
kR means "do, make"
kR with u
bhU "be there, be"
sad "sit"
dRz "see"
iS "want"
vid "know"
ac disambiguation
zIG "lie down, sleep"
gam "go"
pAti "protects" pibati "drinks".
iN' "go"
iG of adhi + i "study"
zru "hear, listen"
plu means "jump, float, swim, sail".
han means "kill".
han before tiG
rootnoun han-
ve "weave"


Special roots.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1108

The roots in this section either are affected by special rules, or can be easily mixed up with other roots.

aJcati "is at"

ad "eat"

As "sit"

asti "there is"

asyati "throws"

brU "say"

dRz "see"

gam "go"

ghas "eat"

grah "grab"

han "kill"

han- "killer"

hu "pour"

iS "want"

ji "win"

krI "buy"

kLp "befit"

labh "get"

pA pibati "drink"

pA' pAti "protect"

plu "float, jump"

Rcch Rcchati "go"

stu' "praise in verse"

sthA "stop, stay, stand"

svap "sleep"

UrNu "cover, hide"

vap "sow, scatter"

veJ "weave"

vid "know"

yu "join"

zAs "instruct; wish"

zIG "lie down, sleep"

stretchable roots:

vacisvapi roots

grahijyA roots

auxiliary roots:

kR "do, make"

bhU "be there, be"

as "be there, be"


ad "eat"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1109

ad is a lukclass root.

Because of adaHsarveSAm, it gets a here --

adas "you eat"

adat "eats"

Back to special roots .


aJcati "is at"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1110

The root aJc(u) aJcati means "is at, leans towards, bends". It seldom used in verbs, but its rootnoun ac''' is found at the end of a couple dozen compounds such as prAc- "eastern", pratyac- "Western", dadhyac- "another name of the sage dadhIci-". These are found once in a while, and are affected by some weird rules.

The u of the root aJcu is a label. The J is real, but disappears in the rootnoun by aniditA.

The rootnoun is called " ac''' ", and has kvin by rule kvin --

aJcu + kvin aniditA ac'''

Some rules that affect ac'''-ender compounds --




See also ac disambiguation


As "sit".mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 1111

The root AD 02.0011 As Asa~ Aste means "sit". It is objectless and seT.

As plus zAnac makes AsIna-, by rule IdAsaH.

Back to special roots .


as asti "be there, be".mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 1112

as is a lukclass root and means "be, be there, exist". Sometimes it is called asti, to keep it apart from as' asyati "throw".

as is an auxiliary root.

as must be replaced with bhU before most soft --

as + liT tip asterbhUH bhU + tip → .. → babhUva "was"

and may be replaced with bhU everywhere else.

as may lose a by znasora --

as + laT jhias + anti''' znasora santi "there are"

and loses s before sip --

as + sip tAs;astyorlopaH asi

Back to special roots .


as' asyati "throw"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1113

The root as' kSepaNe 04.0106 means "throw"

It is called asyati in some rules ( asyatesthuk, asyativakti), to keep it apart from as "be".

as + laT tipas + zyan + tipasyati "he throws"

Back to special roots .


ghas "eat"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1114

Listed as ghas(L) in the dhAtupATha.

Mentioned at --




pracch "ask"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ 1115

This root is spelled as prach in the /dhATupATha.

It is a grahijyA root, so it becomes pRcch sometimes.


hve(J) "call, summon, challenge"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C- 1116

hve hveJ hvayati sphardhAyAM zabde ca 01.1163.

Affected by --


vacisvapi and halaH


In the vedic verse tvAM havAmahe kavIGM kavInAm we find havAmahe (hU + zap + mahi) "we summon thee", instead of hve + zap + mas = hvayAmas.

Back to special roots .


kLp "befit"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1117

kLp kalpate "be fit for, befit, be proper, be prepared; be shared by"

This root is the only one that has L.


krI "buy"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1118

The root krI "buy" 09.0001 has nothing especial, but it appears a lot in grammar examples because it is the first root of the znAclass, and because it is flattybendy --

krINAti "he buys"

krINIte "he buys"

With vi in front, it means "sell".

Back to special roots .


labh "get"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1119

The root labh DulabhaS 01.1130 "get" is very commonly found in grammar examples, because it is bendy.

As it is a Dvit, it can get ktri --

labh + tri jhaSasta;tho labh + dhri jhalAMjazjhazi labdhri ktrerma labdhrima "gotten"


mA(G)' "measure"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1120

The root mA mAG mAne mimIte 03.0007 means "measure".

Before zlu, it reduplicates with i by bhRJAmit --


Before liT it reduplicates normally: mamau (with Ata_au), mamatus, mamus.

Makes -mAya- "measurer" by hvAvAmazca.

There is also an unchanging mAG that mean's "don't".

Back to special roots .


nI "lead", pac "cook"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1121

These roots are special in not being very special, and that's why they appear very often in grammar examples.

nI "lead, carry, bring, take away, take home"

pac "cook"

Both can take flat and bent endings.

In theory there is a slight meaning difference between the flat and the bent --

nayAmy ajAGM grAmam "I'm leading the goat to the village"

naye 'jAm "I'm keeping the goat for myself"

pacAmi kukkuTIm "I'm cooking the hen" (for others, maybe I'll eat some)

pace kukkuTIm "I'm cooking the hen" (and will eat all of it)

But, in practice, you may choose flat or bent wildly and no one will complain.

Back to special roots .


ji "win"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1122

The root ji means "win (a war, fight), conquer, defeat".

Because of rule sanliTorjeH, it sometimes looks like jigi.

Back to special roots .


vas' "live at"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1123

This root gets stretching by vacisvapi.

Back to special roots .


vye(J) "cover, cover up"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1124

01.1162 vye vyeJ saMvaraNe is one of the vacisvapi roots.

It is affected by vyazca and vibhASApareH.

Its yaG is anomalously vevIyate, by svapisyamivyeJAMyaGi.

avamohanAni vevIyante avamohanavikretA "dealers hide narcotics very well"

Here i lengthened by 74025.


yaj "sacrifice"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1125

This root means pouring ghee onto the sacred fire, or more in general, doing any sort of ritual (same meaning as hu "pour, do rituals").

It is traditionally translated as "sacrificing", but it doesn't mean sacrificing in general, only doing religious stuff.

yaj + laT tipyaj + zap + tipyajati "sacrifices"

It stretches by vacisvapi --

yaJ + liT us vacisvapi ij + us liTidhA Ijus "they sacrificed"

ans is affected be vrazcabhrasja --

yaj + kta vacisvapi ij + ta vrazcabhrasja iSta STunA iSTa- "sacrificed"

(Cereful. This iSTa- from yaj sounds like the iSTa- "wanted" from iS.)

Back to special roots .


stu' "praise"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ 1126

stu' is lukclass root that ends in u. (Don't confuse with the stu letters.)

stu' + laT tip utovRddhi stauti "he praises"

It especially means to celebrate by chanting or singing in verse. So stotram is stu' + tral.


grah "take, grab, accept"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ 1127

The root grah gRNhAti 09.0071 means "grab, hold in the hand, take, steal".

grah stretches by grahijyA.

Because of graho 'liTi dIrghaH, we say gRhItvA, with long I.

grah plus san makes jighRkSati. See example jighRkSa under ruda;vida.

The epics sometimes have gRhya for gRhItvA, which is a sin against rule samAse '-naJ-pUrve ktvo lyap.

Back to special roots .


sthA "stop, stay, stand"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C- 1128

sthA is the root sthA SThA tiSThati 01.1077. Derived from the PIE root sta "to stand, make firm, or be firm."

It is subject to several special rules. Here are some, with an example each --

pAghrA -- sthA + zap makes tiSTha

dyatisyatimAsthAmitti kiti -- sthA + kta makes sthita-

ghumA -- sthA + yak makes sthIya

Ato lopa:: iTi ca -- sthA + us makes tasthus, with no A


sic' "sprinkle"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 1129

The root AD 06.0170 sic' Sica~ siJjati means "sprinkle".

There is also a sic affix.

When the object is a new king, sic' means "to consecrate, to anoint", particularly with abhi. Therefore --

sa tadA vAlinaM hatvA sugrIvam abhiSicya ca "he then killed vAlin, and sprinkled sugrIva, and..."

means that he appointed sugrIva king in place of the dead king vAlin.

Back to special roots .


svap 'sleep'mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M+ C+ 1130

This is a lukclass root. Like zIG, it may mean either "sleep" or "lie down".

This root is affected by



rudAdibhyaH sArvadhAtuke

As in --

svap + laT tip rudAdibhya svap + itipsvapiti "sleeps"

svap + kta vacisvapi supta- "asleep"

It is listed as !Jisvapa~ in the dhAtupATha; the JIt shows that Its kta may mean present time, as in --

na hi suptasya siMhasya pravizanti mukhe mRgAH "deer don't go into the mouth of a sleeping lion"


vah vahati "carries, conveys"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M+ C+ 1131

This root gets stretching by vacisvapi.

It is mentioned at rule etyedhatyUThsu.

The rootnoun, vah-, means of course carrier, and may mean also "driver", "dragger", "puller". As in anaDuh- "cart-puller, ox".

The kta is UDha-, formed this way --

vah + kta vacisvapi uh + ta hoDhaH uDh + ta jhaSastatho uDh + dha STunA uDh + Dha DhoDhe u + Dha Dhralope UDha- "carried"


vap "sow, scatter"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1132

vap is one of the vacisvapi roots --

vap + kta vacisvapi upta- "was sown"

It gets Nyat --

vap + Nyat Asuyuvapi vApya- "to be sown"


yu "join, mix"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1133

This is yu yauti mizrANe 02.0027. Mostly same meaning as yuj.

Affected by Asuyuvapi --

yu + Nyat Asuyuvapi yAvya-


yuj "join"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1134

yuj is the root yuj yuj(ir) yunakti 07.0007 "join, bind, yoke, restrain". From PIE yeug.

It is a very regular znamclass roots, and it is flattybendy. I just mention it here because it is very common in grammar examples.

Its kvin, yuj-, is anomalous because it can be used uncompounded (see yujerasamAse).


zAs "instruct"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1135

The lukclass root zAs "instruct" means to give instruction ('teach') or instructions ('command').

Some times it changes into zis by zAsa_ida --

zAs + laT tipzAsti "teaches"

zAs + laT tas zAsa::idaGhaloH zis + tas zAsivasi ziS + tas STunA ziSTas "both teach"

And the plural does not have anti''', because rule jakSi says so --

zAs + laT jhi adabhyastAt zAsati "they teach"

Back to special roots .


Rcch Rcchati "go"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1136

The zaclass root AD 06.0016 Rcch Rch is affected by --



It means "rise, attack, hurt, move", or maybe gat%Indriyapralaya-mUrtibhAveSu "to go, to become weak, to lose power of senses, to harden".

Back to special roots .


UrNu "cover, hide"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1137

Urnu(J) is the root 02.0034 UrNu UrnuJ UrNoti UrNauti UrNute AcchAdane seT "hide, cover". The J label is for svaritaJi. The n always becomes N eventually by kric.

UrNu is affected by several special rules, such as --

UrNoter vibhASA

UrNoter vibhASA x


Back to special roots .

Back to special roots .


dA "give", dhA "put"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1138

These are the most common ghu roots.

They are affected by some special rules --

datta- "given" -- dodadghoH

dehi "give!" -- ghvasoreddhA

dattas "both give" -- dadhastathozca

dIyate "is given" -- ghumA

There is also an affix dhA' meaning "-fold".

Back to special roots .


arti "go"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1139

The arti in the rules artipipa and guNortisa is the zluclass root AD 03.0017 R sR gatau "go, get, get to".

With laT tip, this root makes iyarti "reaches" (see artipipartyozca).

With yak ta, it makes aryate "is reached" (see guNortisa).

Back to special roots .


brU "say"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1140

The lukclass root brU "say" is only used before hard affixes (see bruvovaciH).

Its tiG may get IT --

brU + laT tipbro + ti bruva::IT bro + Iti ecoya bravIti "says"

According to pANini, we should have --

brU + laG mipbrU + am''' luGlaG abrU + am hardsoft abro + am ecoya abravam "I said"

but in the epics you'll hear abruvam for abravam --

saubharAjam upetyAham abruvanM durvacaM vacaH

Back to special roots .

Back to roots for "say" .


hu "pour"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 1141

The root hu means in particular "pour ghee onto the holy fire", and more in general "perform rites".

So it has the same meanings as yaj. (I tend to gloss the first as "pour" and the second as "sacrifice", but that's just to keep my indexes clean, the meaning is the same.)

hu is found very often in grammar examples, because it is the first of the /juhotyAdi roots. It is affected by the special rules --



Back to special roots .


Roots for "say".mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M+ C+ 1142

All of the following roots all can mean "speak, talk, say, tell, chat" and so on --

vac -- affected by vacisvapi

vac + laT tip coHkuH vakti "speaks"

vac is aniT --

vac + kta vacisvapi ukta- "(it) was said, (he) was told"

vac + yak + laT tavac + yak + te''' vacisvapi ucyate "is said"

vad -- affected by vacisvapi

vad + laT tipvad + zap + tipvadati "speaks"

vad + kta ArdhadhAtukasyeD vad + ita vacisvapi udita- "(it) was said, (he) was told"

vad + yak + laT tavad + yak + te''' vacisvapi udyate "is said"

brU (and its replacement Ah)

bhAS bhASate

lap lapati

Back to special roots .


kR means "do, make"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1143

The very common root (Du)kR(J) "make, do" is also known as kR or kRJ. The J label makes svaritaJi work. The Du label allows DvitaHktriH to make kRtrima-.

akarot "he did it"

kumbham karomi "I'm making a pot"

It is a flattybendy root --

akuruta "he did it"

kumbham kurve "I'm making a pot"

It is one of the auxiliary roots.

It is affected by the special rules --




See also kR with u .

Back to special roots .


kR with ummmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 1144

The root kR "do, make" , when before a hard doer affix, gets u by tanAdikRJbhya::uH. This kR with u then turns into --

karo before aGit,

kuru before Git, and

kur before Git that starts with v m y.

Examples of karo before aGit --

kR + laT tipkR + u + tip hardsoft karu + tip hardsoft karoti "makes"

kR + laG tip → .. → akaro + am''' ecoya akaravam "I made"

Examples of kuru before Git --

kR + laT jhikaru + jhi ( like above ) ata::ut kuru + jhikuru + anti''' ikoyaNaci kurvanti "they make"

kR + laT taskaru + taskuru + taskurutas "both make"

kR + laG jhakaru + jhakuru + jha luGlaG akuru + jhaakuru + ata''' ikoyaNaci akurvata "they made"

Example of kur before Git that starts with m --

kR + laT maskuru + mas ( like above ) nityaMkaroteH kurmas "we make"

Example of kur before Git that starts with y --

kR + @hard liG tipkuru + tip ( like above ) → kuru + yAt''' yeca kuryAt "he would make"

Back to special roots .


bhU "be there, be"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1145

The very common bhU means "become, be, be there". Same meaning as asti.

As in --

sarveSAM sukhamM bhavatu "may all be happy"

It is one of the auxiliary roots.

See also --

asterbhUH -- replace as with bhU before soft

AtaH -- the luG has abhUvan "they were", not abhUvus as expected.

bhuvovugluGliToH -- bhU gets v added in the luG and liT

bhavateraH -- the liT is babhUva, not bubhUva

Back to special roots .


sad "sit"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C- 1146

Thew root sad (aka SadL~) means "sit" or "be stopped, be motionless".

Its laT is sIdati, by pAghrA


dRz "see"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1147

This root is extremely common. Translate as "see", "perceive", "understand", or "look at".

Before zap, dRz is affected by pAghrA --

dRz + laT tip pAghrA pazya + zap + tip atoguNe pazyati "sees"

But it is not so affected before other affixes --

dRz + karmaNi laT ta sArvadhAtukeyak dRz + yak + ta Tita dRzyate "is being seen"

Back to special roots .


iS "want"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 1148

The root iS turns into icch before za --

iS + laT tipiS + za + ti iSugami ichati checa icchati "wants"

But stays iS elsewhere --

iS + kta STunA iSTa- "wanted"

There is another iSTa- that means "sacrificed" (from root yaj, with stretching by vacisvapi).

Back to special roots .


vid "know"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1149

There are several vid roots. The most common one means "know", is a lukclass, and is affected by -



Back to special roots .


ac disambiguationmmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1150

There are four sorts of ac --

ac means "vowel",

as used in rule iko yaN aci ik to yaN before ac

ac' is a taddhita,

arcas- + ac'arcasa- "piley"

ac'' is a kRt --

pac + ac''paca "cook"

ac''' is a rootnoun from aJcu --

pra + ac'''prAc- "eastern"


zIG "lie down, sleep"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1151

This is root AD 02.0026 zI zIG zete svapne seT "lie down, sleep"

The G is a label. This G makes the root bendy, by anudAtta;G-ita. It also tells it apart from the affix zI.

zIG is affected by


zIGas sArvadhAtuke guNaH



gam "go"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1152

The root 01.1137 gam gamL~ gatau aniT means "to go" .

gam is objectful when it means "go to a place", and its object is the destination.

gam is objectless when it means "leave"

Both gata- and the rootnoun ga- are often used as a latter to mean "that is at". As in sarvatra-ga- "that is everywhere, ubiquitous" or citra-gatA narI "the woman in the picture".

gam (or any other root meaning "go") may also mean "know" in the biblical sense, as in "and Adam knew Eve his wife". In that sense it often has upa or abhi "near" --

zUdrA te nopagantavyA "You must never go near a zUdra woman"

gam is affected by some special rules like

gamahana -- gam loses a before kGit

iSugami -- gam to gacch before zap

anudAttopadeza -- gam to ga before serious kGit


pAti "protects" pibati "drinks".mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1153

There are two pA roots --

[1] pA aka pibati "drinks" zapclass --

pA + laT tip pAghrA piba + zap + tip atoguNe pibati "drinks"

[2] pA' aka pAti "protects, rules" lukclass --

pA' + laT tip adiprabhR pAti "protects"


iN' "go"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1154

i(N)' eti gatau 02.0040 means "go".

Not same as bendy iG adhIte adhyayAne 02.0041, that means "recite, study".

Examples --

i + laT jhii + anti''' iNoyaN ya + anti'''yanti "they go"

i + laT tip hardsoft eti "goes"

i + laT mip hardsoft emi "I go"

as in

avaimi c/AhanM nRpate na tvamM mAnM tyaktum arhasi "And I understand, your majesty, that you shouldn't abandon me."


iG of adhi + i "study"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1155

adhi + i(G) means "recite". We can translate it as "study", as the old Indian's idea of studying was reciting the veda again and again until it stuck to memory. This i(G) root is bendy (by anudAtta;Gita) --

adhi + iG + laT taadhi + i + te''' akassa adhIte "recites"

There is another root, iN', that means "go" and is flatty, and sometimes takes adhi.

AD numbers --

02.0041 i iG adhIte adhyayane 02.0041 "recite, study"

02.0040 i iN' eti gatau "go".


zru "hear, listen"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ 1156

zru is a znuclass root.

Some quirks --

zru plus znu add up to zRNu.

zru plus san

makes zuzrUSa, that means "obey" in addition to its grammatical meaning "want to hear"

and gets bent endings by jJAzru

liT after zru

does not get iT, by kRsR


plu means "jump, float, swim, sail".mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1157

The root AD 01.1112 plu pluG gatau is not very special, but I list it here anyway because I use it a lot in the examples.

I use it a lot in the examples because it is a zapclass bendy root that is not very special.

It is bendy because it is Git, see anudAttaGi.


han means "kill".mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1158

The root AD 02.0002 han hana~ hanti hiMsA-gatyoH means "kill, hit, attack".

It is affected by many special rules, such as

gamahana and hohante -- han to ghn before vowel Git

han + anti''' gamahana hnanti hohante ghnanti "they kill"

anudAttopa -- han loses n before serious kGit

han + tashatas "both kill"

hanovadha -- han to vadha before soft liG

luGica -- han to vadha before luG

See also rootnoun han- .

See also han before tiG .


han before tiGmmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1159

Because of several rules, root han --

turns into ha before serious Git --

han + laT tas anudAtto hatas "the two of you kill"

turns into ghn before other Git --

han + laT jhihan + anti''' gamahana hn + anti hohante ghnanti "they kill"

and stays before non- Git --

han + laT tiphanti "he kills"

han + laT siphansi nazcA haMsi "you kill"

han + laT miphanmi "I kill"

han + laG mip luGlaG ahan + mipahan + am'''ahanam "I killed"

han + laG sip → .. → ahan + s''' halGyA ahan "you killed"

han + laG tip → .. → ahan + t''' halGyA ahan "he killed"

See inria verb table for han for more examples.

han + laT tiphanti nazcA haMti anusvA hanti


rootnoun han-mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1160

The nounbase han- (from root han) means "killer". It can be used only as a latter after its object. It is affected by several special rules --

By anudAttopadeza, it sometimes loses n.

By inhan, it does not get rAjAnam before au jas am.

By alloponaH, the a is lost when han is wimpy.

By ho hanter JNin;neSu the h becomes gh when han- is wimpy or before JNit affixes.

By ekAj uttara-pade NaH, the n can gets Natvam if it's nnot wimpy.


ve(J) "weave"mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 1161

Root ve veJ vayati 01.1161 tantusantAne "weave, sew, knit". There is a root Uy Uyate 01.0556 with the same meaning, tantusantAne.

Like English "weave", these veJ Uy also have the figurative meaning "devise, contrive, arrange, compose", as in "he wove a tale". There is also a root siv sIvyati 04.0002 that only means "weave, sew".

veJ is affected by --


ve + sya + tip Ad_eca_u vAsyati "he will weave"


vA + yak + te''' vacisvapi u + ya + te''' akRtsArva Uyate "it is being woven"



It is an exception to halaH.

uta- "woven"

the tiG groups ←

chunk 61: special roots

→ special nounbases