82001 tripAdI ←

chunk 47: 82039 changes before serious, /niSThA to !n

→ 83002 n to Ms

82039 serious to jaz. jhalAJjazonte
82040 t th to dh after jhaS, unless after dhA. jhaSastathordhodhaH
82041 S Dh to k before s. SaDhoHkassi
82042 After r d, niSThA to n, and the d too. radAbhyAnniSThAtonaHpUrvasyacadaH
82044 After lUclass . lvAdibhyaH
82045 after odit roots. oditazca
82052 After pac, v. pacovaH
82062 of kvin-ender to ku. kvinpratyayasyakuH
82064 Replace wordfinal m of a root with n. monodhAtoH
82066 s to ru. sasajuSoruH
82068 Replace wordfinal ahan- . ahan
82069 with r when not before sup. rosupi
82072 Replace vasu sraMs dhvaMs anaDuh- with d vasusraMsudhvaMsvanaDuhAndaH
82074 Optionally replace with d the s of a root that is before deleted s'''. sipidhAtorurvA
82075 Optionally replace with s the d of a root that is before deleted s'''. dazcax
82076 Lengthen wordfinal ir ur iv uv . rvorupadhAyAdIrgha::ikaH
82077 before consonant. halica
82079 But not wimpy, kur, chur. nabhakurchurAm
82080 If adas- has no s, d plus vowel to mu or mU. adasoserdAdudomaH
82081 Before plural, replace the de of adas- . etaIdbahuvacane
82084 When calling from afar . dUrAddhUteca
82104 When meaning impoliteness blessing command, last vowel of cliffhanger verb becomes extralong and falling. kSiyAzIHpraiSeSutiGAkAGkSam




(jhalAJjazo) (!jhalAJjazo)

jhalAM jazo 'nte ONPANINI 82039
( wordfinal) serious to jaz.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 937 sandhi

Because of the most-alike rule, this will replace --

c ch jh z with j

p ph bh with b

k kh gh h with g

T Th Dh S with D

t th dh s with d.

This rule, like sasaju, works always, regardless of what comes afterwards.

Examples --

anuSTubh- + su halGyA anuSTubh → * anuSTub beforepause anuSTup "stanza"

diz + kvin + su halGyA diz kvinpratyayasyakuH dikh → * dig beforepause dik "point of the compass"

madhulih- + su halGyA madhulih hoDhaH madhuliDh → * madhuliD beforepause madhuliT "bee"

dviS + laG tip luGlaG adviS + tip puganta adveS + tipadveS + t''' halGyA adveS → * adveD beforepause adveT "he hated"

vana- + Gasi TAGasi vanAt → * vanAd beforepause vanAt

KAZIKA jhalAM jazaH AdezA bhavanti padasyAnte vartamAnAnAm. vAg atra. zvaliD atra. agnicid atra. triSTub atra. antagrahaNaM jhali ity etasya nivRtty artham. vastA. vastavyam.

You did not show any example of c ch jh z h s turning into j by this rule.

This rule will seldom work on those six letters, because rules coHkuH hoDhaH vrazcabhrasja sasaju change those letters before they can reach here. See madhulih- + su above.

In that case, why did you bother to include c ch jh z h s in your translation?

I said "seldom", not "never". This rule will change s into t when exception sipi dhAto rur vA says sasaju won't work. Also, when joining ac + halau to make rule nAjjhalau, rule coHkuH was deactivated by PMUGMYC, and then this rule changed c into j.

What's PMUGMYC?

Short for "Panini May Use God Mode, You Cannot".

859 letters. -- 82C.bse 3 -- popularity 36




(jhaSastatho) (!jhaS)

jhaSas ta;thor dho 'dhaH ONPANINI 82040
t th to dh after jhaS, unless after dhA.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M+ C+ 938

Examples --

budh + kta → * budh + dha jhalAJjazjhazi bud- + dhabuddha- "awake"

rudh + laT tiprunadh + ti → * runadh + dhi jhalAJjazjhazi runad + dhi Natvam ruNaddhi "obstructs, stops"

gUh + kta hoDhaH gUDh + ta → * gUDh + dha STunA gUDh + Dha DhoDhelopaH gUDha- "was hidden, was kept secret"

lih + laT tha hoDhaH liDh + tha → * liDh + dha STunA liDh + Dha DhoDhelopaH li + Dha Dhralope lIDha "y'all suck"

Why do we say "unless after dhA"?

After the root dhA this rule won't work. So the t th stay, and kharica works --

dhA + laT tasdhA + zlu + tas zlau dadhA + tas znAbhya dadh + tas dadhastathozca dhadh + tas kharica dhattas "both put"

dhA + laT thas → .. → dhadh + thas ( like above ) kharica dhatthas "you two put"

381 letters. -- 82C.bse 115 -- popularity 15




(SaDhoHkassi) (!SaDh)

Sa;DhoH kaH si ONPANINI 82041
S Dh to k before s.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 939

The k will always trigger kric, so this rule may also be stated as --

" S + s = kS

Dh + s = kS "

Examples --

dviS + laT sip puganta dveS + si → * dvek + si kric dvekSi "you hate"

lih + sya + tip puganta leh + sya + ti hoDhaH leDh + sya + ti → * lek + sya + ti kric lekSyati "he'll lick"

This rule will not work before laG sip, because halGyA has priority --

dviS + laG sip → .. → adveS + s''' halGyA adveS jhalAJjazonte adveD beforepause adveT "you hated"

All of your examples involve affixes. Will this rule work on wordfinal Dh S?

Never. There ain't such a thing as wordfinal Dh S any longer, because two rules ago we turned all of those into D.

402 letters. -- 82C.bse 140 -- popularity 15




(radAbhyAnni) (!rad)

radAbhyAM niSThAto naH pUrvasya ca daH ONPANINI 82042
After r d, niSThA to n, and the d too.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 940

So r plus the ta of kta ktavatu makes rNa --

tRR + kta RRta::iddhAtoH tirta- halica tIrta- → * tIrna- Natvam tIrNa- "crossed, gone beyond"

tRR + ktavatu m RRta::iddhAtoH tirtavat- halica tIrtavat- → * tIrNavat- "he crossed"

And d plus the ta of kta ktavatu makes nna --

bhid + kta → * bhin + knabhinna- "was cut, was rent asunder"

bhid + ktavatu m → .. → bhinnavat- "he cut"

vi + sad + kta → * vi + san + kna kric viSanna Natvam viSaNna STunA viSaNNa- "depressed"

Notice that this rule does not work when there is R but no r --

smR + ktasmRta- "remembered"

See also lv-AdibhyaH below.

KAZIKA rephadakArAbhyAm uttarasya niSThAtakArasya nakAraH Adezo bhavati pUrvasya ca dakArasya. rephAntAt tAvat AstIrNam. vistIrNam. vizIrNam. nigIrNam. avagUrNam. dakArAt bhinnaH. bhinnavAn. dhinnaH. chinnavAn. radAbhyAm iti kim? kRtaH . kRtavAn. raH ityatra razrutisAm anyaM na upAdIyate, kiM tarhi, vyaJjanamAtram. rephasAmAnyanirdeze 'pi sati rephAt parA yA 'jbhaktis tadvyavadhAnAnnatvaM na bhavati. niSThA iti kim? kartA. hartA. taH iti kim? caritam. muditam. pUrvasya iti kim? parasya mA bhUt, bhinnavadbhyAm. bhinnavadbhiH. iha kRtasya apatyaM kArtiH iti vRddheH bahiraGgalakSaNAyA asiddhatvAnnatve kartavye rephasya asiddhatvam.

353 letters. -- 82D.bse 1 -- popularity 5

741 (!q to) !ur after @root @labial.

993 (/kric works only) when a @Sa-root or an @affix is involved.

1358 No /Natvam before @serious.




(lvAdibhyaH) (@luc)

lv-AdibhyaH ONPANINI 82044
After luclass (t of niSThA and ktin to n).mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 941

The luclass are the roots from lUJ 09.0016 "reap" to plI 09.0039 "move". They all are puclass too. These include lU "reap", kRR "scatter, throw", vRR "choose", pRR "fill" and jyA "grow old, decay".

Examples --

lU + kta → * lUna- "was reaped"

kRR + kta → * kRR + na → .. → kIrNa- "scattereded"

pRR + kta → * pRR + na → .. → pUrna Natvam pUrNa- "full"

jyA + ktavatu → .. → jInavat- "he grew old"

kRR + ktin → .. → kIrNi- f "a scattering, a throwing"

(The rule does not mention ktin, but a vArttika adds it.)

KAZIKA lUJ chedane ityetat prabhRti vRJ varaNe iti yAvat vRtkaraNena samApitA lvAdayo gRhyante. tebhyaH uttarasya niSThAtakArasya nakArAdezo bhavati. lUnaH. lUnavAn. dhUnaH. dhUnavAn. jInaH. jInavAn. RkAralvAdibhyaH ktinniSThAvadbhavati iti vaktavyam. kIrNiH. gIrNiH. zIrNiH. lUniH. pUniH.

304 letters. -- 82D.bse 31 -- popularity 3

506 (@stretch) /grah /jyA !vay, !vyadh !vaz !vyac, !vrazc /pracch !bhrasj before /kGit.

594 (Lengthen a stem-final @stretched !a !i !u,) after consonant.

940 After !r !d, /niSThA to !n, and the !d too.




(oditazca) (!od)

oditaz ca ONPANINI 82045
( niSThA to n) after odit roots.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 942

For instance, the root vij 06.0009 "tremble" appears in the dhAtupATha as (o)vij(I), so this rule applies --

ud + (o)vij(I) + kta → * ud + (o)vij(I) + (k)na coHkuH udvigna- "shuddering"

ud + vij + ktavatu m + su → .. → udvignavAn "he shuddered"

KAZIKA o-kAr%eto dhAtor uttarasya niSThA takArasya nakArĀ“Adezo bhavati. olasjI lagnaH. lagnavAn. ovijI udvignaH. udvignavAn. opyAyI vRddhau ApInaH. ApInavAn. svAdaya oditaH. SUG sUnaH. sUnavAn. dUG dUnaH. dUnavAn. dIG dInaH. dInavAn. DIG DInaH. DInavAn. dhIG dhInaH. dhInavAn. mIG mInaH. mInavAn. rIG rINaH. rINavAn. lIG lInaH. lInavAn. vrIG vrINaH. vrINavAn.

149 letters. -- 82D.bse 100 -- popularity 2

751 /niSThA (don't get /iT) after /Idit roots or !zvi.




(pacovaH) (!pac)

paco vaH ONPANINI 82052
After pac, ( niSThA to) v.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M+ C+ 943

All examples --

pac + kta coHkuH pak + ta → * pakva- "was cooked"

pac + ktavatu coHkuH pak + tavat → * pakvavat- "did cook"

69 letters. -- 82D.bse 113 -- popularity 2

96 [@Label]s are invisible.

747 After some one-vowel [@root]s there's no /iT.




(kvinpratyaya) (!kvin)

kvin-pratyayasya kuH ONPANINI 82062
( wordfinal) of kvin-ender to ku.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 944

kvin is a rootnoun -maker kRt affix, rarely used. Rule RtvigdadhRk says that Rtvij, diz-, prAc- and others have kvin.

z ordinarily makes D by vrazca;bhrasja and jhalAJjazonte. But this exception turns any wordfinal letter of a quinn-ender into the most-alike ku.

Examples --

diz- + su halGyA diz → * dik "point of the compass, course"

diz + bhyas svAdiSva diz (word) + bhyas → * digbhyaH "to / from all directions"

yuj- + su yujerasamAse yunjs halGyA yunj saMyogAnta yun → * yuG "a joiner"

prAc + su ugidacA prAncs halGyA prAnc saMyogAnta prAn → * prAG "eastern"

Does this rule work before bhis after the j of yuj- becomes wordfinal by svAdiSva?

It works, but uselessly so, because coHkuH four rules downriver would have made yugbhis anyway.

But whitney says that prAnc becomes prAnk (by coHkuH I guess), then n to G before k ( monus and anusvA, clearly), then loses the final -- that must be saMyogAnta, right?

Whitney is explaining how the word evolved historically -- he's not explaining how pANini rules work. By cantgoback, the rules cannot work in your order.

751 letters. -- 82D.bse 135 -- popularity 12




(monodhAtoH) (!mono)

mo no dhAtoH ONPANINI 82064
Replace wordfinal m of a root with n.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 945

This applies to rootnoun-enders, such as prazAm- "tranquillized, pacified, unhurt" (from pra + zam + kvip, with A by anunAsikasya kvi;jhaloH kGiti).

Example with an m that becomes wordfinal because su disappears -

prazAm- + su halGyA prazAm → * prazAn

Counterexample with a non- wordfinal m --

prazAm- + amprazAmam

Examples when m is wordfinal by svAdiSva --

prazAm- + bhis → * prazAnbhis

prazAm- + sup' → * prazAnsu

And optionally --

prazAm- + sup' → * prazAnsu nazca prazAntsu

KAZIKA makArantasya dhAtoH padasya nakArAdezo bhavati. prazAn pratAn. pradAn. zamitamidamAdInAM kvip, anunAsikasya kvijhaloH kGit]Iti dIrghatvam. natvasya asiddhatvAn nalopo na bhavati. maH iti kim? bhit. chit. dhAtoH iti kim? idam. kim. padasya ityeva, pratAmau. pratAmaH.

Inria declension says prazAMsu, not prazAnsu nor prazAntsu.

Bug! inria applied 83023 monusvA, but that rule can't work earlier than 82064 monodhAtoH , because of cantgoback.

551 letters. -- 82D.bse 208 -- popularity 2

328 /ktin makes @feminine [@action noun]s.




(sasajuSo) (/ru)

sa;sajuSo ruH ONPANINI 82066
( wordfinal) s to ru.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M+ C+ 946 sandhi

Always change wordfinal s into ru. Regardless of what comes next.

The ru is a special sort of r that carries label u.

Sometimes that u label has no effect at all, and it is just destroyed by tasyalopaH, like in these two examples --

gurus + brahmA → * guru + ru + brahmAgururbrahmA "the teacher is like brahmA"

kapis + pazyati → * kapi + ru + pazyati kharava kapiH pazyati kupvoKkaFpauca kapiF pazyati "monkey sees"

Here the label u had no effect. When we put punar, that has a r with no label u, in front of the same word, the same rules work, and we get punar brahmA, punaF pazyati anyway. However, in other situations, that label u will have an effect on rules atoro, hazica, bhobhago and rossupi.

For instance, with a ru we get --

azvas + dravati → * azva + ru + dravati hazica azvo dravati "horse runs"

azvas + adravat → * azva + ru + adravat atoro azvo 'dravat "horse ran"

But those rules work differently with a r that has no label u. So we get no hazica and no atoro here --

punar dravati "runs again"

punar dravati "ran again"

The wordfinal r that does not carry label u is sort of rarity. See true r for examples.

This rule has the optional exception sipidhAtorurvA. When the option is taken, the s is not replaced by ru; instead, it becomes d by jhalAJjazonte.

What's that sajuS in the rule?

vedic thing. Ignore it.

973 letters. -- 82D.bse 232 -- popularity 44




(ahan) (!ahan)

ahan ONPANINI 82068
Replace wordfinal ahan- (with ru).mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 947

This rule only works when ahan- "day" gets word status from svAdiSva, so there are exactly four examples --

ahan + bhyAm svAdiSva ahan ( word ) → * aha + ru + bhyAm hazica ahobhyAm "within two days"

ahan + bhisahobhis "within days"

ahan + bhyasahobhyas "after days"

ahan + sup' → * aha + ru + su kharava ahaHsu vAzari ahasHsu "in days"

This rule will not work before su am luk, because of rosupi below --

ahan- + su + Agame supodhA ahan- + luk + Agame rosupi aharAgame "at daybreak"

When ahan- is wimpy, alloponaH works --

ahan- + Gas alloponaH ahnas "of the day"

358 letters. -- 82D.bse 330 -- popularity 5

917 [@Nounbase]final (@wordfinal) !n to /lopa.

1232 [@True r] is the @wordfinal !r that is not a /ru.

1233 words with [@true r]




(rosupi) (!rosu)

ro 'supi ONPANINI 82069
(Replace ahan-) with r when not before sup.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 948

Exception to rule ahan, that would have replaced ahan- with ru.

(Do not confuse this rule with rossupi "r stays before sup'".)

A nounbase is asupi "not before sup" if its sup became luk by svamorna or supodhA.

Example with svamorna --

ahan- n + su + yat svamorna ahan + yat → * ahar yat "the day that..."

Example with supodhA --

ahan- + Gas + Agame supodhA ahan + Agame → * ahar-Agame "at the coming of the day, at daybreak"

Shouldn't this rule have worked in tehorAtravidojanAH at bhg 8:17?

Yes, it should. Yet, because of some vArttika, the ahan- of certain compounds gets ru replacement, not r.

424 letters. -- 82D.bse 341 -- popularity 4

6 cute animals

917 [@Nounbase]final (@wordfinal) !n to /lopa.




(vasusraMsu) (!vasu)

vasu;sraMsu;dhvaMsv;anaDuhAM daH ONPANINI 82072
Replace ( wordfinal) vasu sraMs dhvaMs anaDuh- with dmmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M+ C+ 949

This is an exception to sasaju and hoDhaH.

Examples with vasu --

vidvas- n + su svamorna vidvas → * vidvad beforepause vidvat "that knows"

vidvas- mn + bhis → * vidvadbhis "by sages"

vidvas- mn + sup' → * vidvadsu kharica vidvatsu "about sages"

Example with sraMs + kvip --

sraMs + kvip + su aniditA sras + s halGyA sras → * srat "whatever falls"

which may be used as a latter in the compound --

ukhAsrat mfn "fallen from the pan"

Example with anaDuh-

anaDuh- m + bhis svAdiSva anaDuh ( word ) + bhis → * anaDudbhis m "by beasts of burden"

342 letters. -- 82D.bse 389 -- popularity 4

295 /kvip too (appears randomly).

655 @Stretch (@wimpy) /vasu /kvasu.

1377 /vasu with /sup.




(sipidhAto) (!sip)

sipi dhAto rur vA ONPANINI 82074
Optionally replace with d the s of a root that is before deleted s'''.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M+ C+ 950

Optional exception to sasajuSoruH.

Example --

cakAs + laG sip luGlaG acakAs + sipacakAs + s''' halGyA acakAs → * acakAd "you shone"

as in the sentence --

acakAt tvam "you shone"

If we don't take this option, sasaju works as usual --

cakAs + laG sip luGlaG acakAs + sipacakAs + s''' halGyA acakAs "you shone"

as in the sentence --

acakAs tvam "you shone"

See also dazcax below.

I sort of vaguely remember that there was another rule that changed s into t in rare situations.

Maybe that was sassyArdhadhAtuke, which turns vas + syati into vatsyati.

Please translate the rule literally.

Adding the trickles, it says --

"before sip, the replacing of the wordfinal s of a root with ru is optional".

The s of a root becomes wordfinal only when itazca and halGyA work. If we choose to not make sasaju turn that s into ru, then jhalAMjazonte turns the s into d.

631 letters. -- 82D.bse 424 -- popularity 3

96 [@Label]s are invisible.




(dazcax) (!dazcax)

daz ca x ONPANINI 82075
Optionally replace with s the d of a root that is before deleted s'''.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 951

So we may either say --

rudh- + laG sip → .. → arunadhs halGyA arunadh jhalAJjazonte arunad Natvam aruNad "you obstructed"

or apply this option and say --

rudh- + laG sip → .. → arunad → * arunas Natvam aruNas "you obstructed"

There is an unrelated rule that sounds the same, daz ca.

KAZIKA dakArAntasya dhAtoH padasya sipi parato ruH bhavati, dakAro vA. abhinas tvam, abhinat tvam. acchinas tvam, acchinat tvam.

What's that x in the rule?

See about the letter x in rules .

219 letters. -- 82D.bse 529 -- popularity 3

935 /baz of /ekAc [/jhaS]-ender root to /bhaS when @wordfinal or before !s !dhv.

950 Optionally replace with !d the !s of a root that is before deleted /s'''.




(rvorupadhA) (!rv)

r;vor upadhAyA dIrgha:: ikaH ONPANINI 82076
lengthen wordfinal ir ur iv uv (of a root).mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 952

A rootnoun that ends in r v, when wordfinal, lengthens its nexttolast i u.

As in --

gir- + bhis sv;AdiSva @word gir + bhis → * gIrbhis "with words"

gir- + su halGyA gir → * gIr "speech"

gir- + sup' → * gIrSu "in words"

dhur- + su halGyA dhur → * dhUr "yoke"

Azis- + su halGyA Azis sasaju Azir → * AzIr "hope"

KAZIKA rephavakArAntasya dhAtoH padasya upadhAyAH ikaH dIrgho bhavati. gIH. dhUH. pUH. AzIH. vakAra-grahaNam uttar%Artham. upadhAgrahaNaM kim? abibhar bhavAn. abhyAsekArasya mA bhUt. ikaH iti kim? atra eva pratyudAharaNe bhazabdAkArasya mA bhUt. dhAtoH ityeva, agniH. vAyuH. padasya ityeva, girau. giraH.

Why didn't kharava affect gIrSu?

Exception rossupi.

All of your examples end in r. Any examples with wordfinal v?

There ain't any. The iv uv are mentioned here uttarArtham, i.e., so that they trickle down to the next rule.

Which of the nounbases that end in r are rootnouns?

I'm not sure. As far as I know, all are. Don't worry, they are few and far between.

Your translation mentions i u only, but the original rule says ik. Shouldn't the original rule lengthen Ry Rv too?

It would, but no roots end in Ry Rv.

In that case, all examples have i u. Why then didn't pANini end this rule with iNaH instead of ikaH?

I'm not sure. For some reason, pANini never used iN to mean i I u U. See iN.

699 letters. -- 82D.bse 568 -- popularity 3

991 (non-@wordfinal !s to !S) after /ku, !r, /ic.

1233 words with [@true r]




(halica) (!halic)

hali ca ONPANINI 82077
(Lengthen ir ur iv uv of a root) before consonant.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 953

In a root that ends in r v, the nexttolast i u lengthen before consonant. Even if the r v is not wordfinal.

So here ir iv lengthen before y and t --

div + laT tipdiv + zyan + tip → * dIvyati "gambles"

vi + stRR + kta RRta::iddhAtoH vi + stir + ta → * vistIrta radAbhyAnni vistIrna Natvam vistIrNa- "spread out"

As in --

kaz cid bhavati vistIrNo na prastAro mama kSateH "no extension can be wider than my wound"

Example with ur --

pRR + kta udoSThya pur + kta → * pUr + kta radAbhyAnni pUrna- Natvam pUrNa- "filled, full"

As in --

kaSTamM pUrNaJM jalavyAlair vimAnamM plotR mAmakam "drat, my hovercraft is full of eels!"

Why do we say "before consonant"?

No kIr here --

kRR + za + tip RRta::i kirati "disperses"

452 letters. -- 82D.bse 616 -- popularity 11




(nabhakurchu) (!nabha)

na bha;kur;churAm ONPANINI 82079
But not wimpy, kur, chur.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 954

Exception to previous rule. kur, chur, and wimpy ir ur iv uv won't lengthen their i u before consonant.

Example with a wimpy --

dhur "burden" is wimpy before yat'', which is a taddhita allowed by dhuro yaDDhakau

dhuraM vahati "carries a load" → dhurya- "beast of burden, porter"

Example with kur, which is the kuru that was affected by nityaGkaroteH --

kR + @hard liG tipkuru + tip nityaGkaroteH kur + tipkur + yAt'''kuryAt "he would do"

Example with chur "cut", a zaclass root --

kR + @hard liG tip → .. → churyAt "he would cut"

KAZIKA repha-va-kAr'-.Antasya bhasya kur chur ity etayoz ca dIrgho na bhavati. dhuraM vahati dhuryaH. dhuri sAdhuH dhuryaH. divyam. kur - kuryAt. chur - churyAt. rephavakArAbhyAM bhavizeSaNaM kim? pratidIvnA. pratidIvne..

380 letters. -- 82D.bse 687 -- popularity 1




(adasose) (!adasos)

adaso 'ser dAd u do maH ONPANINI 82080
If adas- has no s, d plus vowel to mu or mU.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 955

adas- loses its s before vibhakti because of tyad-AdInAmaH. After adding the vibhakti, the d will be before a vowel. Then we replace the d and the vowel with mu or mU.

We replace with mu when the vowel is short and with mU when it's long, because the most-alike rule says so.

Examples with mu replacement--

adas- m + am tyadAdInAmaH ada- + am amipUrvaH adam → * amum

adas- m + TAada + TA → * amu + TA AGonAstriyAm amunA

Examples with mU replacement--

adas- m + zas tyadAdInAmaH ada- + zas prathamayo adAs tasmAccha adAn → * amUn "those"

adas- m + au tyadAdInAmaH ada- + au nAdici adau → * amU "those two"

adas- mfn + bhyAmada- + bhyAm supica adA + bhyAm → * amUbhyAm "by those two"

This rule won't affect the de of the plural, because of exception eta::Idba below.

Here is a more literal translation of this rule --

" When adas lost its s, replace what is after d with u U, and the d with m. "

See also adas- at pronoun tables .

KAZIKA adaso '-sakAr%Antasya varNasya dAt parasya uvarNĀ“Adezo bhavati, dakArasya ca makAraH. amum, amU, amUn. amunA, amUbhyAm. bhAvyamAnena apyukAreNa savarNAnAM grahaNam iSyate iti ekamAtrikasya mAtrikaH, dvimAtrikasya dvimAtrikaH Adezo bhavati. aseH iti kim? adaH icchati adasyati. adaso 'nosra iti vaktavyam. okArarephayorapi pratiSedho yathA syAd iti. ado 'tra. adaH. tad-arthaM kecit sUtraM varNayanti, aH seH yasya so 'yam asiH, yatra sakArasya akAraH kriyate iti, tena tyadAdya-tva-vidhAne etad anyatra na bhavitavyam eva iti. adryAdeze katham? adaso 'dreH pRthaG mutvaM kecid icchanti latva-vat. kecid antyasadezasya nety eke 'serhi dRzyate. iti. yaiH aseH iti sakArasya pratiSedhaH kriyate, anantyavikAre antyasadezasya iti ca paribhASA na azrIyate, teSAm ubhayorapi mutvena bhavitavyam, amumuyaG, amumuyaJcau, amumuyaJcaH iti , yathA calIkLpyate iti latvam. ye tu paribhASAm Azrayanti teSAm antyasadezasya eva bhavitavyam, adamuyaG, adamuyaJcau, adamuyaJcaH iti. yeSaM tu tyadAdyatvaviSaya eva mutvena bhavitavyam iti darzanam teSAm atra na bhavitavyam, adadryaG, adadryaJcau, adadryaJcaH iti. dAtiti kim? alo 'ntyasya mA bhUt, amuyA. amuyoH.

593 letters. -- 82D.bse 740 -- popularity 2




(etaIdba) (/amI)

eta:: Id bahuvacane ONPANINI 82081
Before plural, replace the de of adas- (with mI).mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ M- C+ 956

Exception to adasose. In the plural, the de of adas- turns into mI, not mU.

There are exactly five examples --

adas- m + jas tyadAdInAmaH ada + jas jasazzI ada + zI AdguNaH ade → * amI "those"

(This amI a nonjoiner, by adasomAt.)

adas- + bhis tyadAdInAmaH ada + bhis bahuvacanejhalyet ade + bhis → * amIbhis "with those"

(Here atobhisa::ais did not work, because of the exception nedamadasorakoH.)

adas- + sup' tyadAdInAmaH ada + su bahuvacanejhalyet ade + su → * amIsu kric amISu "in those"

adas- + Am tyadAdInAmaH ada + Amada + sAm bahuvacanejhalyet adesAm → * amIsAm kric amISAm "of those"

adas- + bhyas → .. → amIbhyas "at those; from those"

See also pronoun tables .

369 letters. -- 82D.bse 902 -- popularity 2




(dUrAddhUte) (!dUrAd)

dUrAd @dhUte ca ONPANINI 82084
When calling from afar (a sentence-final calling is optionally extralong and acute).mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 957

As in --

Agaccha bho devadattA3 "come here, devadattaaaa!"

43 letters. -- 82D.bse 959 -- popularity 2

1328 /mAtrA theory.




(kSiyAzIHprai) (!kSi)

kSiyA;''zIH;praiSeSu tiG AkAGkSam ONPANINI 82104
When meaning impoliteness blessing command, last vowel of cliffhanger verb becomes extralong and falling.mmmmmmmmm glosses glosses ^ C+ 958 extralong

A "cliffhanger" is the first of two sentences that together make one idea. Example. To express that someone else is impolite, we may say --

svayaM rathena yAti3 upAdhyAyamM padAtiGM gamayati "on chariot himself he gooooes, and makes his teacher go on foot! (rolls eyes)"

Here the first sentence is a cliffhanger.

The first sentence must have a verb at the end for this rule to work, so I translate the next two examples into Yodaese --

A blessing made of two closely related sentences --

sutAMz ca lapsISTa3 dhanaJM ca tAta "may you sons geeeet, and wealth!"

And a compound command --

kaTaGM kuru3 grAmaJM ca gaccha "a mat maaake, and go to the village!"

BTW, this lapsISTa verb is a soft bent liG, so inria will fail to parse it. It is built like this --

labh + @soft liG talabh + sISTa''' jhalAJjazjhazi lab + sISTa kharica lapsISTa

KAZIKA svaritaH iti vartate. kSiyA AcarabhedaH, AzIH prArthanAvizeSaH, zabdena vyApAraNam praiSaH, eteSu gamyamAneSu tiGantam AkAGkSaNaM yat tasya svaritaH pluto bhavati. AkAGkSati iti AkAGkSam, tiGantam uttarapadam AkAGkSati ityarthaH. kSiyAyAM tAvat svayaM rathena yAti3, upAdhyAyaM padAtiM gamayati iti. svayam odanaM ha bhuGkte3, upAdhyAyaM saktUn pAyayati. pUrvam atra tiG-antam uttarapadam AkAGkSati iti sAkAGkSaM bhavati. AziSi sutAMz ca lapsISTa3 dhanaM ca tAta. chando 'dhyeSISTa3 vyAkaraNam ca bhadra. praiSe kaTaM kuru3 grAmaM ca gaccha. yavAn lunIhi3 saktUMzca piba. AkAGkSam iti kim? dIrghaM te Ayur astu. agnIn vihara.

617 letters. -- 82D.bse 970 -- popularity 2

614 (@Nexttolast of) /zAs to !i before /aG or @consonant /kGit affix.
















82001 tripAdI ←

chunk 47: 82039 changes before serious, /niSThA to !n

→ 83002 n to Ms