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True r is the wordfinal
words with true r
About the postpositions
rootnouns are rootlike nouns.
Wordfinal is what is at the end a word.
There are two kinds of wordfinal
the ru, that carry label u, used to be
and the rest, that don't carry label
I call the wordfinal
A ru always comes from rules such as sasaju, ahan, nazchavyaprazAn, that replaced
The words with true r had
The words that end in
Words that end in true r are few. These are some of the most common --
There are also a handful of nounbases that end in
( Most of those are rootnouns, and that's why rvoru will work on them. )
Some sentences with true r-enders --
There are three groups of roots --
seT roots make ArdhadhAtukasyeDvalAdeH work.
aniT roots don't.
veT roots optionally do.
This rule sorts out correctly most of the roots (for instance bhU car are seT, dA
You might learn the exceptions in advance, but I advise against that, as I don't think you'll ever have to pass a test that checks if you memorized the exception roots. But if you want to disregard my advice, you may find lists of the exception roots in Kale's grammar.
When Sanskrit grammarians say that a change made by one rule is asiddha ("as if it had not happened") to another rule, this means that the other rule does not notice the change has happened.
According to rule atobhisa::ais, bhis turns into
According to rule nalopaHprAtipadikAntasya,
And rule cantgoback teaches,literally, that the changes made by nalopaHprAtipadikAntasya are " asiddha" to atobhisa::ais.
This means that when the
The postpositions are certain unchanging words that link to a noun, that always takes the same case.
The postposition prati means "towards" and is used with a noun that means the place towards which motion happens. That noun always carries second --
This postposition prati is not the same thing as the preverb prati --
or even in the middle --
The exception to that is the
The prAdi are --
They are words, and also unchanging.
(see also eGipararUpam).
Most of the prAdi are used often as preverbs, and seldom as postpositions.
For instance, anu means "after" in thesens4e of following.
Use as preverb --
Use as postposition --
The use as postposition is uncommon in the epics, but very common in the veda.
See also list of preverbs.
A rootnoun is a nounbase that looks like a root. Examples --
Most of those can be used only as a latter --
As for instance, adding the kRt affix kvip to the roots
When I say ending, I mean either
-- a sup ( noun ending) from list svaujas
-- a tiG ( verb ending) from list tiptas
The noun endings are added to nounbases, and the verb endings are added to roots.
therefore the second
therefore rule sasaju applies to the second
and does not apply to the first
so the last
So rule atoguNe won't work on
the manas- part of
so the first
so sasaju aplies to it, making a wordfinal ru,
which is turned into
which is then caught by visarjanIyasyasaH, making
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